New week – new chapter, so here is part four of my Fashion Dictionary!
Kilt - a piece of national Scotland men’s dress, wrapped around the waist and fastened by 2-3 straps. Kilt is made of woolen fabric with the traditional Scottish pattern ‘tartan’. Despite the fact that the kilt came into existence during the time of the Mountain Scotland, in 1746 the British government banned the wearing of the kilt or any other national dress with a pattern ‘tartan’, but the ban was acting only 36 years.
Kimono – a long free attire, like a dressing gown, with wide sleeves, belted; subject of Japanese national clothes. The well-known French fashion designer Paul Poiret brought kimono into the European fashion.
Knife pleat – a type of sharply pressed pleating, especially in a skirt or kilt, in which all of the folds are turned in one direction, with each pleat being three layers of fabric thick.
Kangaroo pocket – a type of pocket, usually featured on hoodies and sweatshirts, that is large enough to fit both hands into. The pocket is open on either side.
Linen – a fabric made from linen fibers obtained from inside the woody stem of the flax plant. Linen fibers are much stronger and more lustrous than cotton. Linen fabrics are very cool and absorbent, but wrinkle very easily, unless blended with manufactured fibers.
Lincoln – a kind of English cloth of bright green color. Originally was issued in Lincolnshire, Lincoln city. The well-known Robin Hood wore a green woolen suit from a green lincoln.
Loafer - moccasin-style classic slip on shoe that has a slotted strap at the front. The strap is stitched to the front (vamp) of the shoe. If the strap has a coin inserted in the slot, the shoe is called a penny loafer. If it has a tassel at the front, it is a tassel-top loafer. Sometimes a metal chain is fasten to the strap, and the shoe is called a chain loafer.
Lurex – thin brilliant metallic threads which are interwoven into fabric for ornament as a yarn component.
Magenta – a shade which turns out by mixing red and blue paint, refers to a number of purple flowers.
Macintosh – a raincoat from waterproof rubberized fabric which name comes from a surname of Charles Macintosh. In 1823 the chemist Macintosh, making experiment, smeared a jacket sleeve with solution of rubber and after a while he noticed that the sleeve of a jacket is waterproof. He patented the invention and founded the company on production of the macintosh ‘Charles Macintosh and Co’.
Mandarin collar – a short, stand-up collar, adopted from the close-fitting Asian collar.
Matte – lacks luster or gloss and has a usually smooth even surface free from shine or highlights.
Mermaid – a skirt that hugs the body until it reaches the knees or just below and then ends in a dramatic flare.
Minaudiere – a small evening bag, which has a rigid base and an original form.
Moccasins – originally it is the soft suede footwear of North American Indians sewed from one or three pieces of skin, without firm sole, decorated with an ornament and porcupine needles. Now it’s the elastic footwear with different inserts in front part.
Moleskin – is a heavy cotton fabric, dense cotton fabric, which is applied for production of working, sports and special clothes.
Monochrome - the one-color, one color or colors differing in brightness, but not on the spectrum.
Mod – the British youth subculture which arose in London in the late 1950s – early 1960s due to growth of the purchasing power of youth from the working class. The motto of mods – ‘moderation and accuracy’. Style – accurate hairdresses, narrowed suits, ties or scarves, varnished boots.
Mule - shoe or slipper, usually made with high heel, that has a vamp (fitted front) but nothing at the back. The front part of the shoe can be made in any one of many different styles. The heel can vary in height.